tv [untitled] October 8, 2011 1:00pm-1:30pm PDT
and combine that with traveling all over the world, you have nice chances for making pictures. and the last one, finally when i get home, my garden is the last passion. i grow my own vegetables and like to make dinner and enjoy that with friends and family. and as you notice, cycling is not part of my hobbies. cycling is not a hobby of mine. it's just a transportation mold just like the others. you can see here my car. it's a volvo 480. that's the classic. and the bicycle is one of the three i own so i'm pretty average dutch. i have a nice one. this one for holidays, for recreational regions. i got a campy old one that's very noisy i use for commute ing and i have a nice one which i use when i'm in town, go shopping or go see friends or
elsewhere. so i have three bicycles and i use them in different ways. for commuting and business travels i always use train, public transport. that's the easiest way to get from a city center to another city center and when i really want to have fun i take my motorbike. that's the nice green vehicle on the bottom of the slide. my presentation. i'll start with some facts and figures, then the benefits for the society, the dutch dutch. how we do it in the netherlands and then i go deeper into bicycle infrastructure. that's the main reason for this workshop and also the main argument for using bicycle or not using bicycle. i go briefly into enforcement in education and i come up with some conclusions. bike ownership in the netherlands and other european countries. i don't have the u.s. figures here. i have to go to my notes.
but you can see the netherlands is top in europe as it comes tobacco ownership. we have more -- to bicycle ownership. we have more bicycles than people. so you can imagine how many bikes there are. you can find them on every street, every street corner. denmark is very good. second. and then you see it all the way down to spain. oops, now i see a mistake in my slide. uh, where -- if you compare the netherlands with other cities, we have 27% bike share. so this is the use. we own many bikes but we use them a lot as well. we use -- 27% of our trims are made by bicycle, average in the netherlands. denmark, 18%, germany, 10%. and in the u.s., average in your country is 1%.
the latest figures i've got. and as i've told you it's the average, 27%. but if you have a closer look and you look at short-distance trips then it's 34% on the bike and 15% of trims up to 10 miles we also use the bicycle. still a great share. and we have two cities that are top of our bike use. the city of gronig and the city of shola. over 50 october of of all trips daily made by bike. and for regional use of the bicycle. got some figures compared to a car. then you can see that schoolchildren use the bicycle very frequently for education. and still businessmen use the car a lot.
and social recreational reasons. a reason for using the bike and shopping. we like to go shopping on our bikes. come to that later. and when it comes to gender. who's using the bicycle. i'm told that the netherlands is very typical on this. we have more women on bikes then -- than men. and the most intense users are girls from the age of 12 to 18 and that's easy to explain because i once was a girl of that age and to me, mabika was my ticket to freedom. i didn't want my mom and dad bringing me by car somewhere and then say well, i'll pick you up at 6:00. i go on my bike and i'll try to make it at 6:00. most of the time i was there. 6:30. and then later you can see at
all ages, women still use the bicycle more than then -- men, in their 30's to 50's. and how far do they go? still, the girls are top of this list and they use the bicycle for seven kilometers per day. and then you can see that it goes down fast but still, oh, here men are cycling further. so the men that are using the bicycles cycle further than the women and that is explained by the fact that women mostly work near their homes and men commute over a longer distance. we did a survey on emotion that people felt when they were traveling -- were driving the streets or riding and we asked them what feelings do you have.
how do you feel? and then cyclists mostly answered i feel joy. and they hardly felt fear or anger or sadness or even aversion and if you compare that with transport then that's not so joyful and people don't like it so much and it made them even angry. and for the car you can see that the people are more afraid in cars and more angry in cars than on the bicycle. that's a nice conclusion from this result i wanted to share with you. so cycling is joy. that's what i heard more people say. mr. rice kin also mentioned -- reiskin also mentioned psych sling joy. do we feel happy we arrived home in one piece or is it just fun and safe together?
the figures show that the netherlands, cycling in the netherlands is the safest transport mode in europe. if you compare to it, for example, italy, which is very dangerous for cyclists. we do fairly well. the explanation is, to my opinion, in the fact that we call safety by numbers. the more you get, the safer it is. and i'll show you the next slide to prove that. this is the bike share in the u. where the netherlands is extreme left and the u.k. is extreme right. and third is italy, for example. denmark is second next to the netherlands. if you compare that with safety numbers, you see that in the netherlands, where we cycle a lot, not too many people on bikes got killed and it's just the other way around in it
italy and the u.k. where people do not cycle but get killed if they cycle. and somebody can come up with the arguments that we have a lot of good bicycle infrastructure in the netherlands. that's true, but in england they are building a lot of bicycle infrastructure as well, but they do not get the people on the bikes, so for them that go it's still very dangerous. it's not only infrastructure, it's mindset, it's safety in numbers. all the contractors have to be aware that there are bicycliststs in the street as well. so if you have a lot of bicyclists in the street, all the car drivers see it all the time so they learn to negotiate wilt. was it always like this in the netherlands? it was in the early 1920's. this is not a picture of mine. i didn't make it. then we had the second world war and people from the u.s.
came and they freed us from the enemy, but you also brought cars with you. so in the 1950's, the bicycle use dropped dramatically and the danger increased a lot. and was not only you with your cars but also civilization. that's what we did ourselves. then the bicycle was considered old-fashioned and our transport policy was based on bike use -- car use, excuse me. we had a left wing politicians saying i want every worker to own his own car because the car is the motor of our economy. that went on until the 1970's, as you can see, but in 1975 we had a dramental year.
we had a lot of fatalities in traffic. we had the oil crisis and people got away from the environment. the air was very polluted. the main industrial area of the netherlands, we always had warnings orange, which means close all the window, stop breathing. because it's very polluted. for many of us, i can say us because i was there at the time, by the time. it was time for a change. people like tony boss, they started to organize the cyclists union and to establish the cyclist union, we called the national safety plan, road safety plan. and we started to introduce -- gradually, bike use went up and
the danger and the fatalities decreased but not enough, so after a while we introduced the bicycle master plan, the ministry of transport introduced the national bicycle master plan to make all the local politicians and local engineers aware of the need for better infrastructure and more attention to the bicycle. that helped for a while but after 10 years, the bicycle plan was -- master plan was completed and the attention for the bicycle in-- decreased again so time for a new approach and then they introduced the bicycle council. it was a group of people, experts from all sorts of organizations, both governmental and nongovernmental, and they put together the forces to implement more information,
more things to do, improve bicycle facilities and bicycle policies and the bicycle council is not working for 10 years. we celebrate our 10-year anniversary next month. and what will come up next, we don't know but we're still not at the bike use level of the 1950's, so also we can improve. and in the netherlands, i also have to explain the benefits of cycling. sustainability, accessibility, health, livability and economics. and what do i tell about it? well, for sustainability, cycling is emission-free, uses hardly any oil, only to produce the bike and to have your chain go well. it reduces the global footprint for the person. we all have our global foot
print, what we use from this earth, and the footprint of the country and it alleviates global warming. what can be more sustaining except for walk something accessabilities? as mentioned before, we mentioned all the dutch people that are now on the bicycle in the car and who have a city that doesn't move anymore. it's congested for 24 hours. but there's more. the infrom structure use is more -- infrastructure use is more efficient. parking space is not so expensive when you park a car. you can park where you park a bike and you can park eight bicycles in the space of one car. when it comes to health, in-- it increases the life expectancy. you can live longer, three years longer when you cycle every day to work, to school,
to shops when you use the bicycle more often and that longer life is spent in better health. it makes you live in better health for more than 10 years. and it also reduces the diseases like obeesty and the heart diseases, the most obvious ones and what struck me is alzheimer's disease that comes later or doesn't come when you cycle a lot. it keeps your brain fresh and going, i guess. and what also is very important that work absenteism is reduced for people that use the bike more often. as it comes to lifestyle, of course we also have lifestyle. cycling in the netherlands is not so much a lifestyle as it is here in the u.s. but cycling offers more joy and
happiness, less traffic noise, cleaner air and better social integration. yesterday during the bike ride i noticed that the americans, the san franciscans who cycled with us, they met a lot of fans. they were constantly waving and saying hi, hello, and how are you? and in a car, well, with the speed you're going, it's difficult to recognize who you're approaching and to say hi, the car is on the next block. on the bicycle you can see each other, wave, call each other in the evening saying well, what were you doing at the wiggle? economic benefits -- well, all these benefits i mentioned are also to be translated into economical benefits. as was mentioned, for the shopkeepers, the psychists are very good. at -- cyclists are very good.
at first they don't didn't know because they see the huge trolleys with lots of growsies getting into the supermarkets with lots of cars. with you -- but surveys showed that car customers just come once a beak and bicyclists come every day and every day they spend $20. if they come six days that's $120. and the family trolley, that huge car is worth $80. so cyclists are good for shopkeepers and we are getting in a system of awareness now that shopkeepers do welcome bikers more than -- better than car users. so what makes the dutch people cycle? it's the flexibility of the system, the convenience. it's right in front door and you can cycle to the front door of your destination. it is perceived safe.
we all feel safe in the streets. as you saw we feel joy with no fear. it's cheap if for us dutch that's very porn. we got health benefits. we feel more healthy. it's the fastest way around in town and it's easy to combine with other modes of transport. as i explained i've gotten a old bike for my commuting trips and most of the people also have a bike on the other end of the trip to go to the office. well, who's on a bicycle? what is a cyclist? what does he need? to make good infrastructure you have to keep in mind that a cyclist is a vehicle with muscle power so you have to move yourself. it is a balanced vehicle, so you have to get on with people at a certain speed to cycle safely. cyclists have helmets on so in case of an accident it's just the person that gets hit and no
crumple zones of air bags, etc. our bikes have hardly if any suspension. but if you go on a bumpy road you still feel it in all your arms, legs and in your whole body. it's open air so in wind and rainy conditions, as you can have in the netherlands and as they say you have here but i haven't experienced, you have to keep in mind that people need shelter or protection against wind. it's a social activity so people meet each other, can talk to each other, can negotiate priorities and after all, they're humans. so what do we do with this information? we have a cycle speed. a designed speed of our infrastructure of 20 miles to 25 -- 12 miles to 25 miles per hour. but we also have to keep to the
official speed limits, so the very fast going like the one in the bright colored banana bike has to slow down in residential areas, home zones and other zones. but the insfra structure or the facilities needs to be for that -- need to be comfortable for the elderlyle lady as well. so -- ederly lady as well. so this is what it's all about. good infrastructure you get more cyclists and this picture is what we mean by a royal cycle road. so here the biker is a king. our traffic system, this is very detailed university transportation technology. always start with a function of
the road. if you want to change infrastructure, just keep in mind what is the function of the road, what do i want to do with it? so the function is determined here in the city hall or somewhere else, it is determined by policymakers. if the function is described well then the design will follow. technicians, the engineers can design a street according to the >> i want a comfortable high- speed connection, low resistance, and they need a motorway. the use will be correct, and if something goes wrong in this circle, you have to start again. are there other people wanting to move, is the design correct?n
five the safety principles. the recognized ability and state awareness. these five together are the basis of our infrastructure. and a road classification is very important. in the netherlands, we had a huge discretion in the late 90's and early thousands. we have the motorway system, and other important connections. we have distributors and access roads. he access roads are the residential areas. and distributors does impact of the rural areas and urban areas to the main road system.
we do not allow bicycles and on through roads or near through roads. we don't even make a separate bike tracks. we have distributors along access roads. the infrastructure not only needs to be safe, but coherent, direct, and comfortable to attract and bicycles. it can be safe, but if it is not comfortable or direct, they will not use it. they have in mind that they can take care of their own safety. that is not always the case. what do i mean by coherence? consistency of route, it is part of the mobility change and
access to the railway station, taking the train to what ever destination city, continue on the other side. directness, we mean it detours faster with a constant speed. there is nothing slowing down or speeding up again. and with a minimum of delays. what makes a bike route attractive, it is a psychological element. it is different for every person. we know that people like to cycle along the waterways or railways. but not along the motorways. and they like a scenic route
more than an infrastructure area. it needs to be wide enough to cycle a side-by-side. it is a social events. what we say in the netherlands, car drivers are all the time aware of cyclists. and when there are too many trucks, a high traffic volume, then we should worry. it is for you to decide what you want, if you want to introduce a cycling, maybe it is better to start with separation and to get the cars used to of the cyclists. they can go in the streets and let them deal with us. avoid hard conflicts, make a
safe infrastructure, but take care that the vehicles are safe with l breaks, and make sure that the cyclist's keep the traffic rules, they don't ignore red lights, they got used sidewalks, and etc.. the surface, as i explained, a smooth surface, issuing great findings, priorities, and the gentle slopes are a bit difficult here. that is why it is growing in popularity. [unintelligible] the people that are doing the workshop can see it again. we work with a great structure
in urban areas to connect all of the destinations. i will advise you to do something here and there. back to them. keep in mind were the cyclist comes from and where they want to go to. look for connections. and make shortcuts for cyclists. it was very handy. and you don't have to wait for the traffic lights. working on the system of bicycle highways, you have priorities for the rural area between urban areas. it moves wide and you can cycle as fast. a bicycle can go very fast.
in needs to be social safe as well. that is sometimes difficult. for the bicycle street, some of you might have seen in as part of the cycle route. the cargo in the streets with two types. you can see them on the pictures, the car in the middle had the the car on the side. they work pretty well. they are introduced more and more all over the country. when we separate bicycles from cars, we prefer parking on the left side. you don't have the chance of enduring so much.
for intersections, i have seen the traffic circle here and they start shouting, round about. the others say, it is just the wine. maybe you could introduce more, because the roundabouts are a very good facility for bicycles. it increases the capacity for crossing. it is so much safer than a traditional crossing. we have four types of bikes. you need space for yielding cars that are leaving the circle, they have a separate path. traffic lights, they have a face
for cyclists the they can make a left-hand turn without going straight and then turning left. it is safe, but the discretion at the traffic light, i saw some here in san francisco. sometimes we make a right turn to go left. it is beneficial that you go on to the right. and across the street. we have traffic lights